fitness trends that come in 2018

Here are the 5 fitness trends that come in 2018

Each person has their favorites when it comes to moving the body but the truth is that there are also tendencies that show the most chosen or what comes with strength. The American College of Sports Medicine has been conducting, for the past 12 years, a survey of professionals in more than 40 countries (our own included) about what will be furious during the coming year.

fitness trends that come in 2018

We tell you about the top positions in the ranking:

1. HIGH INTENSITY INTERVAL TRAINING (HIIT)
These are short bursts of high intensity exercise followed by a short rest or recovery period. They usually last less than 30 minutes (although they can last much longer). By 2014, the HIIT had also been number one.
The cons: many respondents said that clients liked this type of program for a short time and then looked for something else. On the other hand, they spoke of a high injury rate.

2. GROUP TRAINING
Group exercise instructors teach, lead and motivate people through their classes that work very well because they are motivating and also a meeting place. There are many types of classes here: from spinning to dancing sessions.

3. WEARABLE OR PORTABLE TECHNOLOGY
Trainers are increasingly using smart clocks, heart rate indicators, GPS tracking devices and smart glasses to make their routine more efficient and to keep track of what they do. It is unimaginable how portable technology will grow in the coming years.

4. WEIGHT TRAINING
Although a couple of years ago it wasn’t as famous, from 2013 onwards weight training became a popular trend. The body’s own weight used to be used for training, but now for typical weight training circuits minimal equipment is used, which makes it a very economical way to exercise effectively. In addition, the myth that weights “inflate” was banished.

5. STRENGTH TRAINING
In this case, weights are used exclusively to gain strength. Although he fell a couple of places in the ranking, this option was always among the top places. What also changed is that before I was only elected by young men. It is now also adopted by women, the elderly and chronically ill people who focus on gaining or improving their strength. It is also widely used in cardiovascular or pulmonary rehabilitation programs.

In endurance sports, the principles applied in training control also come from competitive sport

Learn about endurance training

In endurance sports, the principles applied in training control also come from competitive sport. In this case, the amateur athlete can also benefit from certain fundamental principles of training planning in competitive sport. While in strength training, weight and the number of repetitions are valid elements for evaluating exertion, in endurance sports there is a more immediate measure of the level of exertion: heart rate.

In endurance sports, the principles applied in training control also come from competitive sport

The heart rate allows you to draw conclusions about the effect of training, even at rest. For this it is necessary to know the maximum frequency, a value that can be established by means of different tests in which the cardiovascular system is subjected to a maximum load. In any case, this is not recommended for the amateur athlete. Theoretically and roughly, the maximum heart rate can be determined by applying the following formula:”Maximum Heart Rate (MPR) = 220 minus age”.

According to this formula, the optimal pulse range from the point of view of the heart and circulatory system is between 70 and 80% of the maximum frequency and, for fat metabolism, between 60 and 70%. Endurance sports also differ in different working methods.

In the field of physical education, the following systems are distinguished: continuous performance method, interval-based performance method, repetition method and finally, competition method.

In amateur sports, the most commonly used method is continuous performance and, with some limitations, interval performance. In the methods of repetition and competition, similar loads are used to those used in competitions, with intensities ranging from high values to maximum values, which is why it is not advisable to use them in the case of an amateur athlete.

The continuous performance method is characterized by the application of an uninterrupted load during a long period of training. This method is used, more or less automatically, by most amateur athletes, and its results are valid as long as the load intensity is within the optimal pulse range for the age group.

In the interval performance method, a planned change is made between the load and idle phases. In the resting phases, complete recovery is not achieved. In today’s fitness clubs, this type of training can be carried out on resistance machines, using the so-called “pyramid system”. This method is particularly suitable as a complement to the resistance method for advanced endurance athletes. Athletes with a special interest in endurance based 80-90% of their training on the continuous performance method, so their choice is also advisable for amateur athletes.